China has also never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control, and in 2005 passed a law giving the country the legal basis for military action against Taiwan if it secedes or seems about to.
China has refused to talk to Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen since she first took office in 2016, believing she is a separatist. She has repeatedly offered to talk on the basis of equality and mutual respect.
But Tsai’s predecessor Ma Ying-jeou held a landmark meeting Chinese President Xi Jinping in Singapore in 2015.
Speaking at the same news conference, Qiu Kaiming, head of the research department at the party’s Taiwan Work Office, said the Xi-Ma meeting showed their “strategic flexibility” towards Taiwan.
That “showed the world that Chinese people on both sides of the Strait are absolutely wise and capable enough of solving our own problems”, he added.
Taiwan’s government says that as the island has never been ruled by the People’s Republic of China, its sovereignty claims are void.