Immunotherapy is a new-age class of treatment in the world of cancer therapies. Unlike Chemotherapy, the most renowned and effective cancer therapy which works directly on malignant tumors, immunotherapy works from a different perspective. The mechanism of immunotherapy works on the body’s immune system to make it more potent and enhance its capacity to identify the cancer cells and destroy them. Read the complete article to know more about immunotherapy, how it is effective on cancer patients, types of immunotherapies, and which is the best immunotherapy hospital in India.
Understanding Immunotherapy in-depth: How it treats Cancer
Cancer is a genetic disease in the way it alters the body’s genes, which controls the functioning of the body cells, especially the way they grow and divide. The situation where some of the body’s cells start to grow uncontrollably and expand to various parts of the body is referred to as Cancer.
Well, Cancer is curable! There are various treatments available in the form of surgeries, radiations, therapies, and other medications to help fight back Cancer. In view of the sort of cancer and the stage of malignant growth, medicines are given. Patients may receive a combination of treatments or a single treatment as well.
Immunology is a new type of treatment added to the list. It has delivered remarkable outcomes till date. It is also known by the name of Biological Therapy or Biotherapy. The main aim of immunotherapy is to utilize some portion of the body’s immune system to cure cancer. It works in three crucial steps to treat Cancer in the best possible ways:
- It stops the extensive growth of Cancer in the body
- It terminates Cancer from spreading to other parts of the body
- It enhances and boosts the natural defense system of the body so as to hunt the cancer cells and kill them.
For many years, Immunotherapy has been demonstrated exceptionally productive for cancer patients. The body’s immune system is usually responsible for protecting you from infections and diseases. It keeps track of all the substances found in your body but finds a tough time in capturing cancer cells. This is due to the nature of cancer cells. They transform normal and healthy cells into cancer cells and start to grow out of control. The immune system cannot recognize cancer cells as foreign substances because they actually come out of the body’s normal cells.
Researchers have found immunology super effective and reliable in overcoming such circumstances where the immune system is hindered back to attack cancer cells. It assists the defense system in identifying the cancer cells and fortifying its abilities to demolish them. Along these lines, your body becomes capable of fighting back Cancer independently, with some assistance from science. Let us understand the different types of immunotherapies and how they work in treating the disease.
Types of Cancer Immunotherapy
There are a few fundamental kinds of immunotherapy used to treat the disease that is being examined.
- Passive immunotherapies: Monoclonal Antibodies
- Non-Specific Immunotherapies
- Active specific immunotherapies: Cancer Vaccines
Either single or at least two of these immunotherapies are utilized together, relying upon the patient’s requirements.
- Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibodies work just like our standard immune system (produces antibodies whenever the body is contaminated by foreign substances like viruses, bacteria, fungus, etc.). These are fabricated in the lab and then inserted intravenously into the patient’s body (through the veins).
How do they work?
- Assist the immune system in recognizing the cancer cells by targeting harmful proteins on the outer layer of cancer cells, which are sometimes neglected by the immune cells.
- Help stop the further growth of cancer cells in the body by blocking the receptors that help in the development of the cells.
- With the help of radioactive particles and particular unique cameras, monoclonal antibodies are found to be powerful in treating cancers like colorectal, ovarian, and prostate cancer.
- Some antibodies get stick to the cancer cells and destroy them directly.
- Non-Specific Immunotherapies
This immunotherapy is given along with Chemotherapy. It uses artificial Interferons to slow down the process of cancer growth in the body or by utilizing Interleukins, which destroy the malignant growth cells.
- Cancer Vaccines
These vaccines are given to the patient to make their immune system respond actively toward Cancer causing cells, and that’s why they are known as active immunotherapies. There are preventive vaccines, like Human papillomavirus (HPV), given to prevent cervical cancer. Cancer vaccines are combined with non-specific immunotherapy to boost the immune response further.
In a nutshell, immunotherapy boosts the body’s defense mechanism to combat and knockdown cancer cells. Cancer specialists have declared immunotherapy as one of the effective methods to treat Cancer. The important part is to choose the best immunotherapy specialists.
Cancer Healer Center is one of the leading Immunotherapy hospitals in India. This Center has been fruitful in treating 3200 patients till date. Being one of the most incredible Immunotherapy clinics in India, Cancer Healer Center understands you or your loved one’s state of illness. It thus provides everything needed to treat that illness with skill and expertise.